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|CIS Titanium Industry Overview|
Titanium Industry Overview
CIS is the world's largest production base of titanium and titanium export area. During the Cold War, the arms race, the rapid development of titanium industry, materials processing annual output has reached 10 million tons. After the Cold War, the military industrial plummeted by titanium, titanium industry slump, titanium sponge production fell by 60%, titanium processing material production also decreased. The recovery of titanium as the international market and the CIS Council gradually stabilized, titanium industry was able to recover, sponge titanium and titanium processing capacity can be increased, and about 50% of the world. Titanium application development to enhance, expand application areas.
CIS titanium ore reserves of 50 million tons, Ukraine is the main resource countries ilmenite, integrated production is 42 tons. Titanium sponge production, mainly in Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, the world's titanium sponge production in 2006 of about 130,800 tons, of which 63,500 tons of CIS, accounting for 49%. 2008 World titanium sponge production capacity of 176,100 tons, of which 68,300 tons of CIS, accounting for 39%.
CIS titanium sponge production enterprises in Russia AVISMA, Ukraine and Kazakhstan ZTMK UKTMP.
Russian AVISMA titanium sponge plant to complete the merger in 2005 with VSMPO reorganization, merger is only the beginning of the production of titanium sponge VSMPO-AVISMA company needs. According to the company's development plan, by 2010 to expand production of titanium sponge of 1.5 times, reaching an annual output of 44,000 tons; exports of titanium sponge increased by 1.7 times, reaching annual export 35,500 tons. VSMPO ready to invest in the next 5 years, $ 300,000,000 in its AVISMA titanium sponge production capacity expansion segment to meet the company's strategic partners Russian and foreign demand.
Ukraine's only production of titanium sponge production plant ZTMK the mid 50s in the 20th century, due to aging equipment shut down in 1994, again in 1998 to begin production in 2004, production reached 6,000 tons in 2005, production increased to 8,000 tons .
Kazakhstan UKTMP was built in the latest CIS titanium sponge plant, advanced equipment and technology leadership, since the plant has been exporting high-quality titanium sponge aviation. As the industry's strong recovery, the plant also stepping up production capacity expansion, 2004, 2005 and 2006 yields were 1.3,1.7 and 1.8 million tons. Currently, the business in the U.S. titanium sponge market share up to 50%, and its raw material extraction capacity of at least 100 years to meet their own needs.
Titanium industry in the Commonwealth of Independent States to maintain on the basis of production of titanium sponge to develop processing industries, while strengthening cooperation with the international industry giants to jointly develop and market non-aviation use of titanium products, mainly concentrated in the titanium strip, titanium tubes, etc., the world's titanium industry has an important position and role.
Titanium producers are Russia's VSMPO, VILS and STUPINO. VSMPO is the world's largest titanium producers, we can say that it represents the development of the CIS titanium market development, to large, production cost and low impact on the world titanium industry. The total annual output of titanium processing material throughout the CIS more than 90%, had reached an annual output of 10 million tons, most of the products used in submarines and military aircraft, has worked with Boeing, the French aerospace company signed a supply agreement. More than 70% of its production for export the United States, Britain, Japan and other countries.
Whether the United States or Russia, the titanium is mainly used in aircraft manufacturing and shipbuilding. VSMPO-AVISMA is the world's largest aircraft manufacturing industry material suppliers, supply 35% of Boeing's titanium and titanium 50% of Airbus.
Experts believe that, as Airbus and Boeing and other aerospace manufacturers attempt to increase fuel efficiency, the development of new aircraft on the demand for titanium aircraft types than most of today to more than 1-2 times the next few years the international titanium on the market demand for aviation will continue to grow.
Submarine with a titanium
Russian nuclear submarine in the research and manufacture of titanium alloy, a leading position, and first built with titanium pressure hull of the country. During the peak period, the submarine with the annual production of titanium plate and tube have reached tons, accounting for annual production of titanium alloy for 30-50%.
Russia (including the former Soviet Union) nuclear submarine with a titanium shell are: Russia, "Sierra" class attack submarine, nicknamed the "goldfish", the use of titanium double hull, and its deep submergence, high speed, strong firepower and good stealth performance impressive, but very expensive, only the construction of four; the former Soviet Union, "Akula" class attack submarines, the use of drop-type double hull, the inner layer is titanium; and titanium on the summit of the submarine for the construction of the former Soviet Union's "Typhoon"-class submarines, a total of six, every ship of about 9,000 tons of titanium.
In addition to the submarine titanium shell, but also used in submarine pipes and condenser, and now almost all of the submarines and surface ships on the condenser are made with titanium.
Russian titanium industry leaders VSMPO-AVISMA
Salda Metallurgical Production on the combined company (VSMPO) Stalin, the former commander of the Soviet Red Army in order to develop military aviation industries formed in 1933. VSMPO the former Soviet Union specializes in the production of light alloy semi-finished products, development and production for the Soviet Red Army fighter materials; 50 to the mid titanium refining and production, and in 1957 successfully produced the first in the United States can be used to manufacture the world's first piece of aircraft, tanks and other special materials, titanium ingots, which established the former Soviet Union in one fell swoop titanium production areas in the world's dominant position. Since then, VSMPO to the production of titanium products known, the product of "Ural Ti" and known worldwide.
VSMPO products are: titanium sponge, titanium ingots, semi-finished products of various titanium alloy, aluminum alloy ingots, aluminum alloy rolled plate and profiles of large, high-grade titanium and other metallurgical products, of which more than 70% for export. Primary user is the world's major arms manufacturers, aircraft manufacturing companies, shipyards, automobile factories, such as Boeing, General Electric, Airbus, Rolls Royce and other British.
VSMPO for "titanium" and become a family of Russian defense industrial complex of the largest and most strategically important member. Our products are widely used in Russia and the CIS countries of existing weaponry and technology weapons such as missiles, fighter aircraft, warships, submarines, tanks, armored vehicles, including spacecraft, including spacecraft, has also been widely used in Russia chemicals, energy, pharmaceutical, oil and gas and many other important industrial areas.
VSMPO in the former Soviet Union, once the verge of collapse, and even threaten the survival of the Russian titanium industry. At this historical juncture, reform of the Russian government promptly issued a special policy for the resurrection of VSMPO create the necessary conditions. Since then, VSMPO by strengthening cooperation with foreign airlines, such as the Boeing Company in 1993, first signed with the U.S. supplier of titanium products, agreements, only to their fundamentally out of the woods, to recovery and development, also marks the Russian titanium industry from turning the corner . Boeing in early 2000, thus providing high-quality titanium with VSMPO developed the world's most advanced "Boeing -787" aircraft.
VSMPO in 2007 and 2008 were more than 6700 tons ilmenite production, accounting for almost global demand for titanium metal military 60% of the company's total revenue amounted to $ 1,043,000,000. The company's 2009 production of 20,000 tons of titanium, and in 2008 to 2.56 million tons and 27,500 tons in 2007 compared to a decline, but production capacity of 32,000 tons per year in terms of, VSMPO is still the world's largest titanium manufacturers. The company plans in 2012 and 2015, production capacity will be increased to 4.4-4.6 million tons.
VSMPO has now developed into a truly international company. It produces high-quality titanium products in the U.S., Europe and Japan, 1.5 times the sum of titanium products, and more, and sold worldwide. Its users in 48 countries covering the world's aircraft manufacturing companies and more than 300 engines, parts and components suppliers. It can be said, now flying the blue sky on each new aircraft are manufactured with a titanium VSMPO. "Ural Ti" has been really all over the world.
Source: Department of an exhibition
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