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|International trade and domestic trade what similarities and differences?|
Not occur due to the import and export of goods income and expenditure. Also called invisible trade, the invisible export. Include: goods and people along with the international movement of labor income and expenses occurred, such as cargo freight, insurance, passenger fees, travel expenses, etc.; by the international movement of capital, investment income generated by the project, such as profits, interest , dividends, rents, etc.; as well as financial institutions abroad, expatriate remittances, patent fees, other income and expenses. Expenditure on these items are imported form the invisible; belonging to these items of income constitute the invisible exports. Visible trade balance (trade balance) and invisible trade balance (non-trade balance) balance of payments often constitute the major part of the project.
Trade is divided into several types, there are many technical terms, a foreign trade, domestic trade, international trade, overseas trade, and so what is international trade? What is foreign trade? What is the overseas trade?
A: International Trade (InternationalTrade) generally refers to countries (or regions) conducted between the money as a medium of exchange of commodities activities. It includes tangible goods (physical goods) exchange, also includes intangible goods (Chi services, technology) of the exchange, but also known as the World Trade (WorldTrade).
Foreign Trade (ForeignTrade) is specific to countries in international trade with a country or region to other countries or areas of goods, services, and technology exchange activities. This is based on a country or region to look at it with other countries or regions of the commodities trading activities.
Sometimes referred to as foreign trade (ExternalTrade), Foreign Trade (OverseaTrade) refers to some island countries such as Britain, Japan and other countries or certain regions such as Taiwan, the island's foreign trade.
What is the export trade? What are imports? What is the re-export?
A: The export trade is the production or processing of their goods (including their own labor) to sell exports to foreign markets, foreign trade activities. Carrying out foreign trade activities, I often encounter the two have "export" the Second word, but meaning different concepts, should pay attention to the difference between them:
One is net exports. This is the kind of products specifically refers to the export volume of goods imports in the same part;
The other is re-export trade. This is after buying foreign goods exported to foreign countries without the processing and trading activities. Import trade is the production or processing of foreign goods (including foreign-owned services) enter the domestic market after the purchase trade.
Is different from re-exports of goods and commodities producers sell goods directly to consumers of direct trade practices of their argument. It is the producer and supplier of goods for some reason, consumers can not directly trade in goods, to be conducted through a third country commodity trading activities. a third country is not only an intermediary, but also the owner, but also to obtain profits through such transactions. This form is re.
The third country involved in such activities must be transferred through the activities of the value of goods bought and sold --- but not necessarily to go through the physical transfer of goods, can not by its own while consumer goods production and the direct transport ..
What is the visible trade? What is the invisible trade?
A: The visible trade refers to the physical import and export trade, commodities, because these commodities see \ tangible help as visible trade. On visible trade, import and export customs formalities to be, and in the customs import and export statistics reflected a certain period so as to constitute a country's foreign trade volume.
Currently, the United Nations for statistical purposes, to tangible goods, divided into 10 classes, 63 chapters, 233 groups, 786 groups, 1,924 essential items, including almost all the countries trade goods. SITC various trade names as follows:
0 food and live animals for food primarily
Category 1 drink category and designated smoking grass
Class 2 non-food raw materials (excluding fuel)
amp; nbsp; 3 Mineral fuels \ lubricants and related materials
4 class action \ vegetable oils, fats and waxes
Class 5 end of the column names of chemicals and related products
Category 6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material
7 Machinery and transport equipment
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles
not Classified Elsewhere
Invisible trade refers to international trade is not conducted in the physical form of commodities: mainly refers to the services \ technology \ finance.
Invisible trade usually do not go through customs formalities in the customs export statistics reflect not come out, and is reflected in the international balance of payments. Invisible trade is an important part of the country's international balance of payments ..
What is the transit trade? What is the total trade? What is special trade?
A: The country of transit trade is the nail delivery of goods to Country B, because of geographical reasons, must be through a third country to third countries, although not directly involved in this transaction, but commodities to be out of the country or customs territory of the border, and to go through customs statistics, which constitute part of the country's import and export trade.
The total trade refers to the border as the standard import and export by a statistical method, also known as the total trading system.
Trade can be divided into the total Italian imports and total exports. Who enter the territory of a State shall be included in the total imports of goods, including imports for domestic consumption after the partial re-export or transit of imports became part; all the goods leave the territory of a State shall be included in the total exports, including exports of domestic products \ foreign goods re-exports and re-export or transit of the part.'s total imports and total exports constitute the total trade.
Currently, the total trade statistics by country are the United States \ United Kingdom \ Japan \ Canada \ China, more than 90 countries and regions.
Special trade refers to the customs import and export standards for the classification of statistical methods, also known as special trade system.
Special trade specialist can be divided into specialized import and export. Specifically refers to foreign goods imported into the customs territory to pay customs duties, be called upon by the special customs clearance of imports. Specialized in the export is shipped out from the customs territory of the domestic products and domestic, imported and exported without processing the customs territory of the re-export of goods. Specifically imports plus exports constitute the specialized expertise of a country's total trade.
Currently, the use of special trade statistics by Germany \ Switzerland \ France, more than 80 countries and regions.
International trade and domestic trade what similarities and differences?
A: International trade and domestic trade has some commonality, but also there is a degree of difference. Commonality as follows: other activities such as financing, storage, transport, customs clearance must be for its services; the same time, must follow the basic law of the commodity economy, such as: the law of value, supply and demand, conservation law of circulation time, and so on. These rules will be in a certain time and the extent of international and domestic trade. Whether in international or domestic trade must follow the laws of economics, not against.
The main difference expressed as:
Language, laws and customs are different. ; International trade activities between different first encounter, we must first overcome these obstacles, otherwise we can not properly carry out trade negotiations, contracting, dealing with trade disputes, conducting market research. Although the domestic trade will also encounter some language, customs differences, but the difference is much smaller.
Among countries currency, weights and measures, customs and other systems are different. The international exchange of commodities, will meet and exchange rates to be paid in foreign currency and often changes, as well as weights and measures among countries, the customs system, and many other issues are quite different, making the activities of the international exchange of commodities complex. In contrast, domestic trade is much simpler.
The economic policies of different countries. Each country's economic policy is mainly for the country's economic development work, but to some extent will affect the conduct of international trade, and many policies will vary depending on the economic situation, different rulers and change. There are monetary policy, industrial policy, import and export management policies, tariff policy, etc., must be engaged in international commodity exchange activities of these policies. Domestic trade is much less content of the study.
Risks of international trade than domestic trade. Competitive nature of commodity exchange can not be separated there is considerable risk. But in comparison, the risk of international trade, more is greater. Its performance in credit risk, business risk, price risk, exchange rate risk, transport risk and political risk and so on.
In the same position in the social reproduction. Engaged in international trade between countries, the exchange of goods and services, domestic trade is the boundaries of goods and services within the exchange, although the scope of activities vary, but all business activities, are in the process of social reproduction of exchange links, the process of social reproduction in the intermediate position.
Common goods movement. International trade and domestic trade transaction process similar, but the movement of commodity circulation is exactly the same way, namely: GWG. Lu operations are aimed at business through the exchange of more operating profit.
The same basic functions, are subject to the laws of commodity economy and the constraints. International trade and domestic trade are the basic functions of the media into a commodity exchange, that is doing business.
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