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|The definition of the GSP certificate of origin and management of|
GSP certificate of origin (GENERALIZEDSYSTEMOFPREFERENCE), referred to as the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), is developed to developing countries or regions in economic, trade, a non-beneficial aspects of special and differential treatment. The manufactured exports of developing countries to developed countries or semi-finished products, the developed countries to developing countries to be exempted or reduced customs duties. GSP in 1970 by the Fourth United Nations Conference on Trade and Development Special Committee on the implementation of the implementation of concessions. The implementation of this system, for developing countries, you can expand exports, more foreign exchange to accelerate the development of economic infrastructure, promote industrial industrialization.
Implementation of the GSP must follow the three principles, namely:
1, non-discrimination principle (NON-DISCREIMINATION)
That is originally called backward countries, least developed countries or emerging countries, collectively referred to as "developing countries" (DEVELOPINGCOUNTRIES), also known as "beneficiaries" (BENEFICIARYCOUNTRIES); and called advanced countries in the past or the industrialized countries will be referred to "developed countries" (ADVANCEDCOUNTRIES) or "giving countries" (PREFERENTIALGIVINGCOUNTRIES).
2, the benefits over the principle (GENERALIZED)
That is imported by developing countries to developed countries of primary products, semi-finished products and commodities of universal system of preferences, given universal, without exception, is not discriminatory, non-discriminatory preferential treatment.
3, non-reciprocity (NON-RECIPROCITY)
That is, the developed countries to developing countries or regions generally favorable, but not require developing countries to developed countries to give back benefits.
In addition, the implementation of the GSP should also meet the following three requirements:
1, the origin principle (RULESOFORIGIN)
Products must be manufactured by the beneficiary countries refers, and provides for the complete self. For those who have imported raw materials and spare parts, shall not exceed 40% of the finished product; and shall give substantial processing, into a different nature of the products in order to enjoy the GSP tariff reductions provided for. But the so-called by the real process, the preference-giving countries have their own requirements.
2, the direct transport (DIRECTCONSIGNMENT)
Is the beneficiary countries to export goods must be transported directly to benefit the country, not to enter a third country export market, but in a third country to allow the classification, packaging. If the transport of goods not directly benefit the country and must be transferred to the ship, then transferred the ship to be subject to customs sealed off to prevent giving countries sent their way in camouflage, shoddy.
3, the GSP certificate of origin (Form A) (GENERALIZEDSYSTEMOFPREFERENCESCERTIFICATEOFORIGIN "FORMA", referred to as GSPFORMA)
GSPFORMA exports of developing countries to developed countries, in accordance with the provisions of United Nations Conference on a unified format and fill in the paper prove the origin of goods, but also to benefit the country (importing country) to give preferential tariff treatment or exemption certificate . Where the provisions of the GSP tariff reductions will be required to provide GSP certificate of origin. Certificate of origin GSP beneficiary countries of the commodity inspection authorities or by the authority issued.
China is a developing country, there are 29 countries of GSP treatment to be given, they are: New Zealand, Australia, Norway, Switzerland, Canada, fifteen European Union countries, Japan, Poland, Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Czech Republic , Slovakia, Kazakhstan, Turkey and other countries. For these countries export goods must apply to the provision of GSP certificate of origin, the importing country as the basis for the customs tariff reductions.
Since October 1978 received GSP treatment in China, China National Import and Export Commodity Inspection and Quarantine Bureau authorized by the government fully responsible for the management of GSP's visa by the commodity inspection authorities in specific parts of the GSP certificate of origin is responsible for the issuance and statistics.
The basic duties of the State Administration of Commodity Inspection:
① reporting units to accept applications for assessment of the reporting units, up; on the import content of products containing the origin criteria of the survey; to submit a certificate of export enterprises for review, the issue;
② application for a certificate of supervision and management units;
③ GSP preference-giving countries deal with the competent authorities of the investigation and return reply card check work;
④ GSP visa statistics;
⑤ to export promotion and advisory businesses.
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